Implementation of value engineering What has been the experience of the implementation of the value engineering is exploring and development of some fundamental concepts and principles that are the basis for the development of value engineering techniques. The fundamental principles are: • Making use of multi-disciplinary experts for changes • Evolutionary improvement in changes through the study of real work • Use of fundamental logic for questioning • Working plan Over recent years, the value engineering method like other related areas has been spread. Nowadays analysis and value engineering has been a recognized field for promoting values of products or services. Value engineering is an organized effort to investigate and analyze all project activities from the time that the idea initiates to the design, implementation and development stages and is carried out as one of the most efficient and economic methods in the field of engineering. Value engineering in the framework of project management, apart from paying attention to all of the project components, considers no part of the project decisive. The main aim of the value engineering is consuming less time to reach implementation period without adding to the costs or reducing the quality of the work. Continuous increase in operation costs and developments in technology eliminates the portion of costs that do not have a role in improving the quality of the unnecessary executives. The application of value engineering in executi …

Implementation of value engineering
What has been the experience of the implementation of the value engineering is exploring and development of some fundamental concepts and principles that are the basis for the development of value engineering techniques. The fundamental principles are:
• Making use of multi-disciplinary experts for changes
• Evolutionary improvement in changes through the study of real work
• Use of fundamental logic for questioning
• Working plan
Over recent years, the value engineering method like other related areas has been spread. Nowadays analysis and value engineering has been a recognized field for promoting values of products or services. Value engineering is an organized effort to investigate and analyze all project activities from the time that the idea initiates to the design, implementation and development stages and is carried out as one of the most efficient and economic methods in the field of engineering. Value engineering in the framework of project management, apart from paying attention to all of the project components, considers no part of the project decisive. The main aim of the value engineering is consuming less time to reach implementation period without adding to the costs or reducing the quality of the work. Continuous increase in operation costs and developments in technology eliminates the portion of costs that do not have a role in improving the quality of the unnecessary executives. The application of value engineering in executive projects due to the complexity of tasks, especially in mega projects, can be an undisputed tool in cost control managements. The objective is to eliminate or modify anything that causes unnecessary costs, without causing any harm to the basic function of the plan. Value engineering, is a set of several technical methods that with reviewing and analysis of the project components, enables to implement the overall plan with the lowest cost and time. The costs not only includes the construction and implementation costs, also possession and costs like operation, maintenance and consumption costs are included over the useful period of the plan. Value engineering techniques could improve and enhance the quality of industrial production processes and new designs at any stage of the project implementation. In contrary to what is common in the manufacturing industry that a breeding method can be implemented in the later stages of the production of a specific product, in construction projects that each structure inhibits special conditions, the application of value engineering is limited to the same project, furthermore the possibility of saving on the cost of the project is so different in its various stages. However the value engineering method can be applied at all stages of a project execution, the highest benefit will be achieved when used in the early stages of planning and design. Innovation and applied value engineering differentiates this method from traditional and conventional methods of cost reduction. Traditional methods of cost reduction follow generally from previous experiences, attitudes and habits and no creativity is evident in the work. In contrast in value engineering, data collection, identification of area with problem, proposing and developed procedures and initiatives, fostering new ideas and scrutinize all round views that are recommended.

Value engineering process
Value engineering process is a logical and structured process that uses a multi-disciplinary expert group for the following purposes:
• Project selection or suitable product for analysis according to the time taken for the study
• Identifying and measurement of the current value of the project and the product or its components according to the functions that needs, goals and aspirations of the project is estimated
• Development and evaluation of new options for improving the quality of the estimated or affiliated parts at lower costs
• Adaption of new options to the best way to make it happen
Value engineering team consists of designers, contractors, analysts and employers of an executive project. Although these groups do not work together on a single project but they are related from the subject point of view. The role of the design group is to successfully apply value analysis, because most of the personnel have not fully uncovered the abilities of value engineering and practical use of technical measures has not been analyzed. The value analyst must find ways to balance the group with sympathy and empathy in order to set value engineering thinking approach. The value analyst should provide equal opportunity for every individual, providing the possibility to view their ideas without any technical and practical doubts. Sometimes the best and cheapest solution proposals and views that are considered invaluable are valuable. Consulting engineers usually accept hardly that their own value judgment may be incompatible with technical and practical methods that the value engineering group has proposed. However, consultant and designer should utilize data and statistics in his design; it is possible that all of the data needed are not accessible for the most proper design. Furthermore, most problems and deficiencies of the design come out in the construction stage, where hidden complications and undiscovered conditions will be revealed and new conditions will be imposed to the plan. The consulting engineer should adapt the capacity of analysis methods with judgment value methods, and accepting the alternations and imposing conditions and requirements does not make him consider insult. Contractors usually encounter problems that require changes in design or reviewing the design, although in most cases the application of value analysis techniques is in the implementation stage. It must be admitted that the complete success of the process depends on the ability of qualified contractor in the participation in analysis. One of the current problems in the executive stage is the dichotomy between design and performance. Recognizing the ability of a manager or supervisor workshop can guarantee the application of value analysis methods. The employer has the most important and main participation role in value analysis ring. Employer’s active support guarantees success and effectiveness of work. In order to the employer finds the sufficient tendency to support the project, they should be familiar with responsibilities in the value analysis group and agree the fee structure framework. Given that more than 50% of the total planned budget is spent in the construction projects, hence constructors of projects incurred heavy costs. Financial constraints and administrative costs which increase every day, makes returning of the overall amount of money that has been the cost by the main employer, free of any unnecessary costs, be returnable seriously. Value engineering is one of the most effective tools for the implementation of projects with the lowest cost, with complete assurance for the plan, usefulness, maintainability and extinguishing beautifulness of the plan. Since value engineering makes cost savings and reductions, hence employers are willing to pay a separate fee for value analyzers hence continually make benefit from the presence of the analyst team. The application of value engineering was initiated from America then spread to other countries. European countries, Japan, and India after America are the most users of the value engineering and by combining the value engineering methods in America with their own common procedures achieve significant savings. The potential application of value engineering in construction projects is immense. Pioneers of this method have placed and marked the method. Our country is still in its infancy, much work must be done so that those working administrative areas utilize value engineering in cost reduction in projects.

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